Bible Studies


The Old Testament is divided into four parts:

1.   The Pentateuch – Genesis through Deuteronomy The first five books of the Bible are known as the Torah, which is the Hebrew word for law.   The word Pentateuch is derived from the Greek words “penta” meaning “five and “teuchos” meaning scroll or book. Because Moses is credited with the writing of thee books, they are also know as the “Law of Moses” The Pentateuch covers five key ideas.

1.   Genesis – beginnings                                    

2.    Exodus – redemption

3.   Leviticus – worship                                      

4.   Numbers – wanderings

5.   Deuteronomy – renewed covenant

2.   The Historical Books – Joshua through Esther These books pick up where Deuteronomy leaves off and is broken up into three separate divisions. a.   Theocratic – Josh, Judges and Ruth These three books cover a time during which Israel was a nation rules solely by  God. b.   Monarchical – 1Samuel through 2Chronicles The history of Israel’s Monarchy, from inception to its destruction. c.   Restoration – Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther The last three  historical books describe the return of a remnant of the children of Israel to their homeland after seventy years of captivity.

3.   The Poetical Books – Job through Song of Solomon These books known as the Poetical Books, link the past of the Historical books to the future of the Prophetical books. Unlike the Historical books, they do not give us additional Israelite history. Instead, they deal with the questions pertaining to: Pain, God, Wisdom, Life and Love. All in the present tense. These books depict three types of poetry: a. Lyric Poetry – Originally this type of poetry was accompanied by music on the Lyre. This poetry contains strong emotional elements. (Most of Psalms contains this type of poetry.) b.  Didactic Poetry – This form of poetry teaches principles of life by means of proverbial sayings. (See Proverbs and Ecclesiastes.) C.  Dramatic Poetry – This is dialogue in poetic form. (Job and Song of Solomon)

4.   The Prophetical books – Isaiah through Malachi The Prophetical books are divided into two groups, the Major Prophets and the Minor Prophets.  They are called Major and Minor simply because of their lengths. It had nothing to do with importance of lack there of on the part of the Prophets. There are five books of the Major Prophets and twelve books fo the Minor Prophets. The message of these books is not so much of foretelling of the future but of forth telling. In other words, they proclaimed the consequences of specific attitudes and practices of their day. These messages had four major themes. a.   They exposed sinful practices for the people. b.   The people were called back to the moral civil and ceremonial law of God. c.   People were warned of coming judgments. d.   The coming of the Messiah was anticipated.


The New Testament is divided into three parts and completes the story begun in the Old Testament of God’s plan to bring salvation upon the earth.

1. The Historical Books – The Four Gospels and Acts There are five historical books and they tell of the birth of Christ and depict key events in His life and the foundation of the Church.

2. The Pauline Epistles – Romans through Philemon There is a total of thirteen Pauline Epistles, nine letters to the churches and four to individuals. Paul wrote these letters as he sought to instruct, correct and encourage believers throughout the Roman Empire. Paul wanted Christians to base their practice upon the reality of their relationship with Christ.

3. The Non-Pauline Epistles and Revelation The Non-Pauline Epistles are the Epistles of Peter, John, James and Hebrews. These books deal firmly with the many problems that were creeping into the churches. They point to the person of the resurrected Christ as the believer’s source of life and godliness. Revelation is a perfect conclusion to the New Testament as it looks ahead to the hope of the return Jesus Christ and final victory for all the saints of God.


1.    How many books are there in the Pentateuch and name them.   ______________________________ ______________________________ ______

2.   Because Moses is credited with the writing of these books, what is another name they are known by? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______

3.   What is the key idea of Exodus?  ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ __________________

4.   Name one type of poetry depicted in the Poetical books and describe it. ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ __________________

5.   What is the difference between the Major and the Minor Prophets? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ __________________

6.   Name the three parts of the New Testament. ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ____________

7.   Why did Paul write the Pauline Epistles? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ________________________

8.   How many letters are there in the Pauline Epistles?  ______________________________ _____________