This bible study has two parts to it, The Body of Christ and the Church of Christ. During this study we will clarify some things that have been clouded and/or confused for a very long time. At the end of this study, we will know who or what comprises the Body and Church of Christ.

The one thing everyone has been agreed upon is that Yahushua (Christ) is the Head of the Body and the Church. The term “The Body of Christ” is repeated by just about all Christian religions, yet how many of them really understand what it really means; including many of our scholars?

We will begin by confirming our first statement; Christ is the Head of the Body and the Church.

Then we continue with an exploration of the scriptures in order to answer the following questions:

  1. Who is the Body of Christ?
  2. How does one become part of the Body of Christ?
  3. How does the body operate?

Once we understand the “The Body of Christ”, we will continue on to discover:

  1. Who or what is the Church of Christ?
  2. What are some of its characteristics?
  3. What is its purpose?


Part I

The Body of Christ

  1. Yehushua is the Head of the Body of Christ
    1.                                                              i.      Ephesians 1:22-23
    2.                                                            ii.      Colossians 1:18 & 1:24

Note of importance, in both scriptures – both mention ONE body and religion isn’t even mentioned. Now that we have confirmed our first statement, let’s continue to the Body of Christ.

  1. How was it made possible for the Body of Christ to be?
    1.                                                              i.      Ephesians 2:14-16 “For He Himself is our peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, by abolishing in His flesh the law with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace, and in this one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which He put to death their hostility.” This scripture speaks of the wall of hostility; also known as the “Dividing Wall of the “Court of the Gentiles” in Herod’s Temple which physically prevented the Gentiles access to the inner courts of the temple. By bringing down this wall, Yehushua made a way for us to be reconciled with the Father along with the Jews, thus becoming the Body of Christ.
    2.                                                            ii.      Acts 21:16-30 tells the story of Paul and his arrest in Jerusalem for reportedly bringing a Gentile into the inner court of the temple. This is supposedly in violation of the Jewish rule, not allowing Gentiles into the inner court.
    3.                                                         iii.      Romans 11:11-13 also explains that because of the transgressions of Israel, salvation was opened up to us, the Gentiles (anyone who is not an Israelite). Romans chapter 11 tells us that we are made righteous through faith, just as Abraham was found righteous because of his faith.

This is how it all started, how we were allowed to be reconciled to the Father and become a member of the kingdom of God and the body of Christ.

When we accept the Salvation that Christ died to give us, we become a member of His body.

  1. Who or What Is the Body of Christ?
    1. Individuals Make up the Body of Christ
      1.                                                              i.      1Corinthinians 6:15-16 – This scripture tells us that our individual bodies are members of Christ Himself. Each individual person becomes a specific part of the Body of Christ just as our body has specific parts.

The following scriptures will show how there are many parts but only one body with one Head. These scriptures also talk about unity in the body.

If all who are saved by faith belong to the body of Christ and are supposed to work in unity, with Christ a sits, head, why are there so many religions that operate separate of each other, and not in unity?

  1. Unity of the Body of Christ\
    1.                                                              i.      Romans 12:4-5
    2.                                                            ii.      1Corinthians 10:16-17
    3.                                                         iii.      1Corinthians 12:25-26
    4.                                                         iv.      Ephesians 3:3-4 & 11-13

Romans 12:4-5;  uses our own bodies as an example of how the body of Christ is supposed to work. Our bodies have many parts and each part has its own function. With our own body we find that the hand cannot do the foot job, nor the eye does the nose job. In the body of Christ we each have different gifts or jobs and one cannot do the job of the other.

1Corinthians 10:16-17, clearly shows the unity in the body of Christ. While 1Corinthians 12:25-26, talks about equality in the body because just as when one part of our own body experiences a problem the entire body is affected in one way or another. You might want to read the entire chapter because it deals with the body of Christ and its Spiritual Gifts.

Ephesians 4:3-6,; Once again, the scriptures show that there is only ONE Body with only ONE Spirit, ONE Hope, ONE Lord, ONE Faith, ONE Baptism, ONE God, ONE Father. If these scriptures are to be believed, how can we live our lives according to the Word if we have so many religions, all having their own theology and doctrine and operating in their own beliefs?

Ephesians 4:11-13; Here we read a scripture that makes it clear that the gifts were given to the body that it may be built up and become mature. Once again, how the true body of Christ is suppose to work in UNITY. There are many other scriptures that speak of the Body of Christ and the unity of the body.

  1. Equality in the Body of Christ
    1.                                                              i.      Ephesians 4:11-13
    2.                                                            ii.      1Corinthians 12:14-24

Both of these scriptures bring to light the equality of each part, one cannot do without the other. Each part is important as it takes all parts for the body to function efficiently.

Ephesians describe five of the Gifts that God gave us, the Apostle to Govern or establish the foundation, the Prophet to Guide the body, according to God’s direction, the Evangelist, to Gather the saints into the body, the Pastor to Guard and protect those God has brought into the body and the Teacher, to Ground those in the body in the Word of God. These are the five gifts of leadership. There are many other gifts and all were given for the equipping and edifying of the body for the glory of God.

  1. Caring for the Body of Christ
    1.                                                              i.      Romans 6:13-19
    2.                                                            ii.      Mark 7:20

Each member of the body is equipped by God’s Holy Spirit for the common good of the body. For this reason we must keep ourselves from using our bodies in sinful manners. Although it is our spirit that God looks at, it doesn’t mean we can use our physical bodies to do  sinful things, because these are the things that make us unclean to God. Mark 7:20 Yehushua says, “What comes out of a man is what makes him unclean. For from within, out of men’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. All these evils come from inside and make a man unclean.”

  1. Equipping the Body of Christ
    1.                                                              i.      1Corinthians 12:7
    2.                                                            ii.      1John 2:27

1Corinthians 12:7 tells us that each one of us was given the manifestation of the spirit for the good of the Body of Christ.

1John 2:27 Tells us that because of the anointing (His Holy Spirit) we received from Yehushua remains with us therefore we do not need to go to man to be taught, but it is His Holy Spirit is the one who will teach all things concerning the Word of God.

Only the Holy Spirit of God knows the mind and heart of God.


We have now concluded the study of the Body of Christ and will continue on to the study of the Church of Christ